Roman Civillization – Knowledge

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  • Rome had been founded in 753 BC as a hill town on the Tiber river. Roman civilization started as a small settlement of farmers & later grew into one of the mightiest on the planet ,which lasted for centuries.
  • There is a legend of a fight between Romulus & Remus-two brothers.Romulus won the fight and founded Rome, after his name.
  • The ancient Roman society was divided into two classes called patricians and plebians.The aristocrats & big landlords constituted patricians class whereas workers ,farmers and artisans formed plebian class.
  • There were lot of struggles among patricians & plebians for control of power, which resulted in evolution of Rome as first Republic in the world,having the senate & the assembly.
  • The Romans built a huge empire and conquered new lands, thanks to their very strong army. You would be amazed to know that the Roman army could march up to 40km a day!
  • Roman civilization was very developed . They devised a strong legal system for making a better society where people could have rights & regulations. The laws and ways we determine what to do with someone who is accused of breaking a law came originally from the Roman principles.
  • Roman laws were carved on twelve tablets. They were actually carved out on rocks so that every one could know what the laws were.
  • Slaves were very important in Roman lives. Romans thought that not owning slaves was a sign of poverty. Many people would take 2 to 3 slaves with them just to go to the baths. Funny,isn’t it ?
  • The early Romans spoke a Greek dialect known as ‘Konie’, from this dialect ‘Latin’ developed later.The language used in Western world especially in Europe today was developed from the Romans.Many of modern words are based on Latin words.
  • We remember the Romans all year round. They invented most of our calendar,which is known as Gregorian calendar.Did you know that the calendar we use today is more than 2,000 years old? It was started by Julius Caesar, a Roman ruler. It is based on the movement of the earth around the sun, and so is called the ‘solar calendar.’ The solar calendar has 365 days a year, and 366 days every leap year, or every fourth year. The names of our months are taken from the names of Roman gods and rulers. January is named after Janus, their 2-headed god of new beginnings. The month ‘July,’ in fact, is named after Julius Caesar himself!
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