Knowledge about Penguins


  • Penguins are birds but they can not fly.However ,they are very skillful swimmers.
  • Penguins don’t have wings,they have flippers.
  • There are between 17-20 living species of Penguins.
  • The largest living species is the Emperor Penguin- on average adults are about 1.1 m (3 ft 7 in) tall or more.
  • Penguins such as the Chinstrap,Emperor and Adelie can proceed very rapidly by tobogganing on their bellies while using their wings and feet for propulsion .
  • The King Penguin is the second largest species of penguin.
  • Antarctica’s Emperor penguins can survive cold weather better than any other animal.They huddle together for warmth in large colonies ,this reduces their heat loss by 50%
  • Penguins are adapted to survive in the extreme climate in many ways.Penguins’ fluffy down feathers are packed close together .They trap warm air and keep them warm.Also their feathers have oily tips which keep the seawater out. Their nasal chambers in the beak recover heat that would be given out during breathing.
  • The smallest penguin species is the Little Blue Penguin also known as the Fairy Penguin.
  • The yellow-eyed penguin is believed to be the rarest penguin species, with only approximately 5,000 birds surviving , though population numbers fluctuate.
  • Winter arrives in Antarctica in March. Nearly all creatures leave except for the Emperor Penguin, the only animal that spends the winter on Antarctica’s open ice.
  • Penguins are warm-blooded birds as humans but still lay eggs.
  • Interestingly, male Penguin takes care of the chick. To keep eggs warm away from cold they balance their egg on feet and cover them with their belly flap.Places where penguins lay their eggs and raise their babies are called rookeries.
  • After laying the egg, female Penguin leaves for about 65 days for feeding towards open seas, males stand, for about 65 days, through icy temperatures, cruel winds, and blinding storms. And they eat nothing that whole time.
  • After females return, the males eagerly leave for their own fishing session at sea, and the mothers take over care of the chicks for a while.
  • There are about 17-20 different species of penguin and around 100 million penguins are there in the world.
  • Penguins seem to have no special fear of humans. This is probably because penguins have no land predators in Antarctica.
  • Typically, penguins do not approach closer than about 3 meters (10 ft) at which point they become nervous. This is also the distance that Antarctic tourists are told to keep from penguins.
  • Another interesting thing about them is if they lose a chick they steal from other mother.
  • Penguins can walk faster than humans even when they seem to waddle while walking.
  • Penguins know Yoga ! They can hold their breath for 20 minutes under water and can leap in water while swimming.
  • Penguins love to store stones that help them to float in water.
  • It is really funny to know that penguins steal stones from each other & there are sometimes fight among them for this.
  • Penguins can’t fly ,but their powerful flippers and streamlined bodies make them very good swimmers. They are the fastest swimming and deepest diving species of any birds.
  • Penguins’ eyes work better underwater than they do in the air, giving them good eyesight to spot prey while hunting, even in cloudy, dark or murky water.
  • Emperor penguins and king penguins do not make any sort of nests.

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